Most effective solutions for wrinkles and lines
The field of the treatment of wrinkles has undergone an actual revolution in the last decade, and the supply,which in the past mainly included products with limited effect, has been growing from year to year. The solutions that have been proven to be the most effective include wrinkle fillers and injections, peeling treatments, and cosmetic products that are based on effective components, which have been developed as a result of advanced scientific researches.
1. WRINKLE FILLERS AND INJECTIONS Botox
The cosmetic Botox was approved by the FDA as an aesthetic treatment for the elimination of wrinkles 14 years ago, and has since become the most popular treatment for the filling of wrinkles in the field of aesthetic surgery. An injection of the toxin, which is called Botulinum Toxin A, partially paralyzes the muscles that causes the appearance of the wrinkles and temporarily lifts the skin above it. The effect lasts three to six months, and once the impact of the toxin wears off, the wrinkles begin to reappear. Hyaluronic Acid Hyaluronic acid, which was already approved by the FDA in 2004, is the most common wrinkle filling substance in the world. It operates as a sort of “putty” that fills the
wrinkles, and its water binding ability grants the wrinkles additional volume. There are many kinds of hyaluronic acids (Restylane, Perlane, Juvéderm), and the injection into the wrinkles effectively eliminates them until the substance dissolves (6–12 months). Calcium Hydroxylapatite This filling material is based on microspheres that are suspended in a viscous gel. Like the hyaluronic acid, it on the one hand functions as a filling material that
“seals” the wrinkle, and simultaneously also encourages the self-production of collagen. Studies that ave compared the substance to collagen and hyaluronic acid have found that it has a more continuous effect.
There are two main types of peels: chemical peels, which are mainly based on the combination of phenol
or trichloroacetic acid, and laser peels. Both have the same mechanism: the peel instigates the peeling of the
skin to the depth of the dermis, and in that stimulates the production of relatively large amounts of collagen in the
depths of the dermis. The deep peels are only permitted for use by dermatologists or plastic surgeons. The two
types of peels are highly effective for the treatment of wrinkles that originate in the destruction of the collagen
(the expression lines will remain almost unaffected). On the other hand, they also involve significant risks
of trauma to the skin and pain, and compel a relatively prolonged recovery period.
Medium and superficial peels with alpha and beta hydroxy acids
These treatments are based mainly on alpha and beta hydroxy acids in varying concentrations and ratios, and are performed in a series of several treatments. Nevertheless, they allow the achievement of impressive results in the rejuvenation of the skin and the treatment of wrinkles, without the risks, pain, and side-effects that the deep peels involve. These acids are defined as one of the most effective components in antiaging treatments. The alpha hydroxy acids, which are derived from fruits, accelerate the peeling of the skin on the stratum corneum, and at the same time, create a chain of reactions in the dermis layer, which instigate changes within it that encourage the production of the collagen and elastin. The beta hydroxy acids succeed in penetrating the deepest layers of the epidermis, dissolve the cells trapped in the skin pores and thus increase the production of the new cells. It has been
found that a consistent use of products which contain these acids improves the texture of the skin and leads to
the reduction of the depth of the wrinkles.
3. EFFECTIVE COSMETIC INGREDIENTS
Studies that have been published in recent years prove that it is possible to achieve a significant improvement
in the treatment of wrinkles through the treatment with components that encourage the natural repair and
rehabilitation mechanisms that exist in the skin, revitalize the skin, and create a lifting and firming effect, increase
the volume of the skin, and the level of moisture in the skin.
Alpha and beta hydroxy acids – these acids instigate the peeling of the skin, while simultaneously encouraging the production of collagen and elastin, and accelerating the regeneration of the skin. The treatment using alpha and beta hydroxy acids enables reaching impressive results in the rejuvenation of the skin: the reduction of wrinkles and fine lines, lightening pigmentation, and an apparent improvement in the texture of sun-damaged skin that is characterized by a rigid, dull and coarse look.
Retinoic Acid – this component is considered highly effective in the treatment of wrinkles. Retin-A, which is one of the forms of the retinoic acid, was the first substance that was approved by the FDA as a medicine for the treatment of wrinkles. Another form of the retinoic acid, which is approved for usage in cosmetic products, is Retinol. Studies have revealed that the retinoic acids binds with receptors located on the cell nucleuses, and it instigates changes in the dermis and epidermis layers, causes the thickening of the dermis layer and the accelerated production of the collagen fibers, and simultaneously slows down the rate of the disintegration of the collagen. As a result, the skin becomes smoother and there is an apparent decrease in the depths of the wrinkles and fine lines.
Vitamin C – one of the strongest antioxidants known in nature, has been found to be highly effective in its influence on the natural repair mechanisms in the skin. It encourages the production of the collagen and also causes the reweaving of the collagen fibers. Furthermore, it serves as a catalyst in the production of the elastin fibers and serves an important role in the improvement of the elasticity of the skin and the reduction of the depths of the wrinkles.
Vitamin E – an effective antioxidant which assists the activity of the natural repair mechanisms in the cells, and by that reduces the radiation damages and assist in the repairing of wrinkles. Peptides – these tiny molecules are comprised of amino acids, the building blocks of proteins. They serve as mediators between the cells and the different skin layers, and transmit signals to the cells in the dermis similarly to the action that exists in young skin. As a result, the peptides accelerate the production of the collagen and elastin in the skin cells, and improve the elasticity and firmness of the skin. Some of the peptides also suppress the action of the expression muscles (similarly to the action of Botox), and by that contribute to the reduction of existing wrinkles and the impeding of the creation of new wrinkles. Among the effective peptides found today in cosmetic products are Acetyl Tetrapeptide-5, Hexapeptide-10, Palmitoyl pentapeptide, Acetyl hexapeptide-3 and more.
Amino acids – these molecules are known for their ability to support the repairing of tissues and to increase the
synthesis of collagen and elastin in the skin. In addition, they encourage biochemical processes that occur in the
depths of the skin and assist in filling deep wrinkles and sunken cheeks, and in tightening the contour lines of the
Hyaluronic acid – this polysaccharide has a high ability for the absorption and accumulation of water. The molecules of the hyaluronic acid bind with water, and in that provide the skin with moisture and grant it volume, softness and elasticity. The hyaluronic acid fulfills a central role in the hydrolipidic system of the skin. Moreover, it fulfills a key role in the communication between the cells.
Phytosterols – plant components that fulfill an important role in the protection of the plant and when used in cosmetic products contribute to the health of the skin cells and the improvement of the softness and elasticity of the skin.
Phytoestrogens – plant components with a structure that resembles the estrogen hormone. Their role, among
others, is to accelerate the production of the collagen and elastin, and in this way, to restore the skin’s hormonal
balance and normal function, to inhibit the appearance of wrinkles, and to treat existing wrinkles.